Journal of Navigation and Port Research 2013;37(5):499-509.
Published online October 31, 2013.
Strategic Identification of Unsafe Actions That Characterize Accidents on Ships
Haryanti RIVAI, Masao FURUSHO
Abstract
Seafarers are one of the main engines driving economic growth in the maritime sector. The International Maritime (IMO) Organization estimated that there were approximately 1.5 million seafarers around the world engaged in international trade in 2012. Data have shown that human casualties in maritime accidents around Japan have shown an increasing trend over the last ten years. One cause is human error, which is inseparable from the human element that influences mariner’s decisions and actions. The Personal Identification (PIN) Safe method is one way to systematically identify substandard and unsafe actions by considering the error taxonomies associated with various scenarios for a maritime system. The results are based on analysis of the role of the human element in commonly reported unsafe actions when interacting with equipment and other systems. Furthermore, patterns of influencing shaping factors were observed on the basis of data processing; the aim of this study was to promote safety culture and provide an opportunity to improve safety at sea.
Key Words: maritime accident;human errors;unsafe actions;safety culture;safety at sea;technical failure;PINSafe
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