Journal of Navigation and Port Research 2004;28(7):609-617.
Published online September 30, 2004.
Estimation of Optimum Tug Capacity for VLCC and Its Application to VLCC Terminal in Gwang-Yang Harbor
In-Young Gong, Chang-Min Lee, Chan-Su Yang, Han-Jin Lee
Abstract
The total tug capacity needed for berthing/unberthing operations of a ship may vary depending on the ship’s type, size, loading conditions, and environmental circumstances. Traditionally, total tug capacity is determined based on the local guidelines of port authorities or on the rule of thumb. However, the social demands for the enhancement of ship safety at harbor and the economical demands for the cost-effectiveness of tug usage makes it necessary for port authorities to develop more reasonable and detailed guidelines on tug usage which takes various conditions into account. In this paper, the method to estimate the optimum tug capacity of VLCC is suggested by considering various ship conditions such as its size, loading conditions, and environmental circumstances including wind, wave, tidal currents, and geographical characteristics of a terminal. This method is applied to the VLCC terminal located in Gwang-Yang harbor of Korea and the results are compared with the local guidelines of the harbor, which shows that there may be a room for the amendment of local guidelines on tug usage.
Key Words: Tug Capacity;VLCC;VLCC Terminal;Gwang-Yang Harbor;Tug Usage Guideline
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