Journal of Navigation and Port Research 2009;33(4):283-288.
Published online June 20, 2009.
Focussed on TWIC
A Study on Comparative Analysis of Maritime Security Programs
Daegwun Yoon
To improve maritime security and enhance international shipping commerce within US ports in addition to ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code), the 1WIC (Transportation Worker Identification Credential) program is working on the maritime field from the October 15. 2008 in the United States. In this paper, the program is reviewed and investigated in terms of goal, benefit, solution, and related legislation so forth In addition, other maritime security programs including MMD (Merchant Mariner Document), FAST (Free and Secure Trade), SIDA {Security Identification Display Areas}. and Ai r Cargo security program was analyzed and compared in order to obtain relationship and difference with the program in terms of enrollment frequency . list and method of security check, and profile of each program As a result of this paper, the program is mostly to improve maritime security, protect individual privacy. and enhance commerce rather than other programs.
Key Words: Maritime;Security. TWIC;Port;MMD;FAST

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