J Navig Port Res > Volume 44(6); 2020 > Article
Journal of Navigation and Port Research 2020;44(6):534-540.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5394/KINPR.2020.44.6.534    Published online December 31, 2020.
외항선원 고용형태 결정요인에 관한 연구
이태휘
경남과학기술대학교 상경대학 유통학과 교수
Determinants of Seafarers’ Employment Stability
Tae-Hwee Lee
Assistant Professor, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju, Gyeongnam 52725, South Korea
Correspondence:  Tae-Hwee Lee, Tel: 055)751-3665, 
Email: taylor@gntech.ac.kr
Received: 17 July 2020   • Revised: 10 August 2020   • Accepted: 14 November 2020
Abstract
Like most developed countries, South Korea is experiencing a severe lack of seafarers. Because young people's demands for a high quality of life has led them to seek shore-based careers. The wage difference between seafaring and shore-based careers has been decreasing gradually, however South Korea's unique Boarding Service Reserve System Policy has helped recruit and retain young sailors and, since 2017, the government has focused on creating new jobs and stabilizing the status of irregular workers in both private and public sectors. It specifically established the Economic, Social & Labor Council to carefully analyze seafarers’ employment stability, which previously had been overlooked in the country. This research used the Binary Logit Model (BLM) to analyze the determinants of seafarers' employment stability in both permanent and non-permanent positions. We found that seafarers’ employment stability correlated highly with their education level. This means that seafarers who graduated from the above mentioned two maritime universities would have more job stablity than those who graduated from maritime high schools or general universities. Other independent variables, such as the shipping company, vessel, hip management companies, work assignment, rank, and license had no significant impact on employment stability.
Key Words: ocean-going seafarer, seafarer employment, employment type, Binary Logit odel, boarding-service-reserve-system policy
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