J Navig Port Res > Volume 44(6); 2020 > Article
Journal of Navigation and Port Research 2020;44(6):524-533.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5394/KINPR.2020.44.6.524    Published online December 31, 2020.
항만형 자유무역지역의 활성화를 위한 제도 개선에 관한 연구
박재규1, 조민지2, 김환성3
1한국해양대학교 글로벌물류대학원 대학원생
2울산과학기술원 선임연구원
3한국해양대학교 물류시스템학과 교수
Ways to Improve Activation of Port-Type Free Trade Zones
Jae-Kyu Park1, Mi-Ji Jo2, Hwan-Seong Kim3
1Student, Graduate School of Global Logistics, Korea Maritime and ocean University, Korea
2Senior Researcher, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Korea
3Professor, Department of Logistics, Korea Maritime and ocean University, Korea
Correspondence:  Hwan-Seong Kim, Tel: 051)410-4334, 
Email: kimhs@kmou.ac.kr
Received: 15 October 2020   • Revised: 26 October 2020   • Accepted: 8 November 2020
Abstract
The free-trade-zone system has been implemented in industrial-complex-type free-trade zones with a focus on the manufacturing industry since 1970, and was intended to attract foreign investment and increase trade by providing benefits such as tax reduction and deregulation to tenant companies. However, foreign investment in these industrial-complex-type free trade zones has decreased significantly. On the other hand, port-type free-trade zones have great potential to attract foreign investment for development due to the increase in port traffic. The developmental trends in the free-trade-zone system have been studied primarily in the manufacturing industry, and those studies must be extended. In this paper, the role and operation of free-trade zones are examined and problems highlighted. We analyzed a business model specialized in port-type free-trade zones to identify problems, propose measures to improve the system for re-exporting domestic goods to the customs area for storage , and upgrade overall operations. The effects of our measures were analyzed by simple simulation. These proposed improvements in the operation of port-type free-trade zones will help attract foreign companies to these international logistics hubs and global delivery centers.
Key Words: port-type free trade zone, report on bringing in domestic goods, inventory management for non-residents, activation, business model


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